Coffea travencorensis is a small shrub , and has stiff branches, slightly pubescent leaves, slender thickened nodes, flattened twigs, and brownish bark on younger twigs. The leaves are small, measuring 2.5cm to 3.75cm in length and 7.5cm to 10cm in width. The flowers are solitary or in threes, occasionally in fours, with five petals and a sweet fragrance similar to that of jasmine. The black fruit is broadly didymous and 0.83 cm in diameter (approximately) , and the plant blossoms from April to June — Wight and Arn. Prodr.(1843) 1st Flower Coffea travencorensis
The leaf structures of C. travencorensis are dark on top and lighter green below, and when dried, they turn pale and yellowish.
The Coffea travencorensis plant is of significant importance in India as it is listed as “Vulnerable” in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2017. We at SICC have developed a species block for genetic research on Coffea species, with a particular focus on the Indian Native species . This block would allow researchers to study the genetic makeup of the plant and identify ways to preserve it. The research is ongoing on Coffea travencorensis, where the 1st blossom is underway and we are closely observing its growth and development. This research will help us understand the ecological and genetic characteristics of this unique coffee species, which will help in conservation efforts and sustainable coffee farming practices.